OXO       (EDSAC)  1952


Game is lost.

No screenshot exists

Emulation: only simulation (Edsac simulator)


First game with Artificial Intelligence (A.I.)(you can play against computer), first game with graphical interface


Silent, monochrome game.

Gameplay video

EDSAC computer
EDSAC computer
EDSAC computer console
EDSAC computer console

1) Player would enter input using a rotary telephone controller, and output was displayed on the computer's 35×16 dot matrix cathode ray tube.

2) Artificial intelligence is used to generate intelligent behaviors primarily in non-player characters (NPCs), often simulating human-like intelligence. The techniques used typically draw upon existing methods from the field of artificial intelligence (AI).

3) Graphical interface or GUI, is a type of interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, as opposed to text-based interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation. GUIs were introduced in reaction to the perceived steep learning curve of command-line interfaces which require commands to be typed on the keyboard.

Site Developed from 2008-2014

Site Launched -2014, may

tags: history of videogames, ultimate history of video games, evolution of videogames, история видеоигр, история компьютерных игр,  history of video games,

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